Background & Description
  1. introduction

Oxfam is an international confederation of 19 organizations working together with partners and local communities in more than 65 countries. One person in three in the world lives in poverty. Oxfam is determined to change that world by mobilizing the power of people against poverty.  Around the globe, Oxfam works to find practical, innovative ways for people to lift themselves out of poverty and live a life with dignity. We save lives and help rebuild livelihoods when crisis strikes. We campaign so that the voices of the poor influence the local and global decisions that affect them. In all we do, Oxfam works with partner organizations and alongside vulnerable women and men to end the injustices that cause poverty. Oxfam is also working together with local partners, private sector, academia and above all working in collaboration with relevant government bodies and ministries in putting its supreme efforts as a strong advocate to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

Rice carries significant economic importance for Pakistan; it is the country’s second most important food staple after wheat and is the country’s largest export crop (3.8 million MT). Rice is grown on an area of 2.8 million hectares, with an annual production of 6.7 million tons. Pakistan has more than 1,000 rice mills. This important crop accounts for 3.2% of the value added in the agricultural sector, and 0.7% of national GDP. While rice produced in Punjab contributes 0.36% to national GDP and 1.66% to the national value added, Pakistan enjoys a strong competitive advantage in the export sector due to consumer preference in destination markets for aromatic Basmati and long grain rice. Pakistan is among top 3 countries for growing fine basmati rice.

Pakistan is the fourth largest exporter of rice in world. Rice forms about 9% of Pakistan’s total export earnings with its approximate annual earnings of $2 billion.  Small farm holders are especially women farmers are facing multiple socio-economic problems in Pakistan. Farmers face severe climate induced stress such as flash floods, harsh weather conditions, variability in rainfall affecting their crops, assets and livelihoods in multiple ways.Women are especially vulnerable due to egregious gender inequality and gender-differentiated vulnerabilities.  .

Currently, the farm labour in rice sector is facing the issue of reduced employment opportunities. Few years back, the farm labour was involved in all the activities in the rice fields i.e., from sowing to the harvest. This farm labour which includes both men and women lost almost 30% of the work opportunity when mechanical harvesters were introduced.  Now, the new techniques in the rice farming are focusing on the direct sowing of rice which shall eliminate the labour involvement for nursery preparation and transplanting. If this happens, rice farm labour may loose more than 60% of its work opportunity. The situation may be more exacerbated by the use of drone technology for the application of plant protection materials. In this situation, Alternate Work Modalities need to be identified for the redundant labour in the rice fields, particularly women.

Rural women are central to the agro-based economy of Pakistan. In the rice sector transplanting and harvest are the two main processes which are carried out by women. Women are considered better transplanters as compared to men. These women have already lost half of the work opportunity because harvesting mostly is now done mechanically.

The by-products of rice crop i.e., Husk, Bran, broken rice, etc., could be used to create respectable work opportunities for rice labour. In the rice export processing units, men are employed. There is not a single woman working in the rice processing units. 

New work opportunities could be created for the redundant rice labor by using the rice by products. This study aims to identify the new work opportunities for the rice labour particularly women through the use of rice by products. This study should also determine the works which could be done by women in the rice processing units.

  1. Background

The Government of Sweden’s regional development cooperation strategy for Asia and the Pacific 2016-2021 aims to support increased regional integration and collaboration for sustainable development. Oxfam in Pakistan is implemeting project on Basmati Rice Value Chain in 10 villages of Muridke (Sheikhpura) and 15 villages of Kamoki (Gujranwala). The aims is to transform opportunities for marginalised women and men in the Agriculture by acting as a catalyst for the emergence of inclusive value chains and responsible business practices with private sectors that respect human rights and drive women’s economic empowerment and climate resilience. GRAISEA 2 will challenge economic inequality and the marginalization of women by seizing these unique opportunities and acting as a catalyst for deep and durable systemic change across the region. The project is promoting the scaling of inclusive and responsible business models and practices by working simultaneously on three levels:

  1. Producer level (Result 1) will train and mobilize producer groups, women’s rights groups and civil society networks to strengthen their agency and empower them to challenge prevailing economic structures and social norms
  2. Private sector level, from local to international (Result 2) will work directly with local private companies to develop inclusive, responsible and more resilient business practices.
  3. Policy level, national and regional (Result 3). Building on Oxfam’s ongoing work, project jointly with its partners will engage with sub-national and national governments to promote the growth of Small and Medium Enterprises and encourage the adoption of inclusive and responsible business models that drive women’s economic empowerment and support climate change resilience.
  4. Objectives

Following are the key objectives of the assignment;

  • Identify and enlist the by products of rice value chain which could be used to generate the alternative work modalities for rice labour.
  • Elaborate the use of rice by products, specifically for employment generation.
  • Review the rice processing for export and Identify the specific steps where women could be involved.
  • Review the present and new techniques in the rice farming and identify the specific steps where women could be involved
  • Mapping of the institutions (both in government and private sector) which could facilitate the training of labour and provision of work opportunities.
  • Based on the findings of study develop a inclusive business model (reflecting the role of farmers, farm labor and private sector) for the use of rice by-products.
  • Conduct the consultation workshop on Alternative Work Modalities and present the findings of study to all the stakeholders.


  • Submit inception report along with detailed plan, methodology and timelines.
  • Develop tools and instruments required to apply in the report.
  • Methodology for the use of rice by products.
  • Mapping of the institutions which could facilitate training and employment generation.
  • Present the findings of study at the consultation workshop on Alternative Work Modalities.
  • Submit agenda, concept note and list of participants for consultation workshop on Alternative Work Modalities.
  • Develop and present power point presentation for the consultation workshop.
  • Submit report on the assignment incorporating the suggestions of consultation workshop.

The timeline of the assignment is 60 working days starting from signing of agreement.

  1. Reporting

The Consultant is required to report to Project Manager, Food Security & Value Chain

  1. selection CRITERIA

The proposals will be evaluated through a competitive selection process. Following criteria will be followed.

  • Company’s/Consultant’s Profile:                                                                30 points
  • Sample of Previous Work:                                                                         20 points
  • Proposed Budget:                                                                                     20 points
  • Approach and Methodology:                                                                      30 points
Requirements and Skills
  • The Consultant should have at least 10 years of experience in Rice Value Chain, Women Economic Empowerment and Climate Change Resilience.
  • At least 5 years of experience in training needs analysis, organizational and institutional development, and capacity development etc.
  • Enjoy good liaison with relevant government stakeholders.
  • Well versed with participatory process.
  • Excellent report writing skills.
  • Good communication and interpersonal skills.
  • Ability to manage multiple tasks to meet deadlines.
How to Apply

Please send your detailed Proposals and Quotations on following Oxfam official postal address:

HR Officer

Plot # 2, Street 11-A, Idrees Market, Sector F-10/2, Islamabad

Please note it is mandatory to mention the Consultancy Title on sealed envelope or else  it will not be considered for further assessment

  1. Proposal and Financial Quotation against TOR's (attached)
  2. Cv in case of individual / organization profile in case of firm


About Organization

Oxfam’s vision is a just world without poverty: a world in which people can influence decisions that affect their lives, enjoy their rights, and assume their responsibilities as full citizens of a world in which all human beings are valued and treated equally. Oxfam in Pakistan has been working in the country since 1973. In the Pakistan, our goal is to contribute to the eradication of poverty by supporting women and other vulnerable groups in saving lives and building livelihoods, enhancing their resilience to crises, shocks and stresses, and making their voices heard to hold duty-bearers accountable.