Background & Description

Terms of Reference for Building resilient communities in Badin, Pakistan: Baseline in Badin



Building resilient communities in Badin, Pakistan is a project funded by Oxfam GB and implemented by Laar Humanitarian and Development Programme and Leadership for Environment and Development (LEAD) Pakistan.

The project aims to to improve the resilience of rural communities and government authorities in Badin to build understanding, knowledge and skills to prepare for, adapt to and mitigate climate and disaster risks.

To inform the project initiatives, Oxfam is recruiting a consultant to conduct a baseline of the target communities in Badin. The purpose of conducting this is to measure the climate resilience of small scale farmers to anticipate, prepare for, and mitigate the risk of disasters and climate change, especially that of women, youth and people with disability. The baseline would provide an information base against which the project activities will be monitored and assessed.

Proposals are invited from individual consultants who meet the profile described below. The proposal should comprise of technical and financial parts, outlining the consultants’ profile (including their CV/resume), methodology, proposed management arrangements, and examples of previous work.

The assignment is expected to take approximately 1 month.


Located in the Sindh province, Badin district is home to 1.8 million people, with over 70% living in rural areas. The district experiences frequent floods and drought-like conditions due to water scarcity and changing rainfall patterns, and land degradation caused by sea intrusion which are reducing agricultural productivity. Economic opportunities for men, women and young people are limited by the region’s remoteness and agricultural dependence.

To cope with these shocks and stresses, famers and their families often resort to taking children out of school (especially girls) taking loans or credit from landlords; forgoing necessary health care due to the costs associated with treatment, transport and potential missed work days; and migration to urban centers for economic opportunities, which increases the care burden on women and risks of gender based violence (GBV).

Major challenges to disaster risk governance include corruption, decentralized responsibilities across multiple ministries, poor coordination, and an inability to effectively implement policies to reduce risk.

The Building Resilient Communities in Pakistan Project (2018-22) aims to improve the resilience of rural communities and government authorities in Badin to build understanding, knowledge and skills to prepare for, adapt to and mitigate climate and disaster risks. This includes adopting climate-smart agricultural techniques, diversifying livelihoods, and applying an appropriately designed risk transfer. Disaster Management Committees will be formed and strengthened to assess community hazards, vulnerability and capacities and informing the development and implementation of local level disaster management and adaptation plans. The project will directly work with the communities and government to support local development plans to reduce poverty.

The project specifically targets women, young people, and people with disabilities who are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of disasters and climate change in Badin. The project adopts a strong focus on gender equality to ensure women’s opportunities for full participation and empowerment through the project. The project supports women to lead and participate in Disaster Management Committees, and will work with women in small and medium enterprise (SME) development and kitchen gardens. The project will also engage with youth through ICT based early warning systems.

Oxfam has partnered with the Laar Humanitarian and Development Programme to implement the project.



The baseline needs to establish a starting point for the project. It needs to provide a comprehensive information base against which the project activities will be monitored and assessed.



The list of dimensions below is indicative and not exhaustive. The consultant would need to build upon these and draft a list of indicators in line with the outcomes.


Outcome 1. Communities in Badin have improved resilience to cope with shocks and stressors relating to floods and drought

Medium terms Outcome

Dimensions to assess

MT Outcome 1.1. Vulnerable households, and communities are implementing climate-smart agricultural practices, including irrigation, that are more resilient to climate change stressors


Current practices and level of access to agricultural extension services for small-scale and land-lease farmers.

Level of awareness (e.g receptiveness) of communities/ households currently adopting climate smart agriculture practices.

Households currently adopting climate smart agriculture practices.

MT Outcome 1.2. Increasing vulnerable groups (women, PLWD, minorities) participation in alternative livelihoods to diversify income options.


Current access to markets and/or livelihood opportunities of women and PWDs

Communities’ access to formal and informal financial services

Women and PWD currently adopting alternative livelihood options

MT Outcome 1.3. Communities in Badin have access and skills to apply community level risk reduction measures to reduce the impact of shocks.

Current level of awareness of communities on climate change and community level risk reduction measures to reduce the impact of shocks

MT Outcome 1.4. Communities in Badin have increased access to alternative risk transfer mechanisms to cope with shocks

Receptiveness of communities towards risk transfer mechanisms

Current access of communities to alternate risk transfer mechanisms

Outcome 2. Sindh Provincial and Badin district government have improved capacity, commitment and accountability towards governance for resilient development

Medium terms Outcome

Dimensions to assess

MT Outcome 2.1. Increased district and provincial government capacity and resources for implementing District Disaster Management Plans (DDMP) and Local Adaptation Plans of Action (LAPs)

Knowledge of concerned district authority for implementing District Disaster Management Plans (DDMP) and Local Adaptation Plans of Action (LAPs)

Availability of resources for implementing DDMPs and LAPs

MT Outcome 2.2. Communities and DRR Forums are actively influencing district and provincial government ministeries' prioritisation of resilient development planning

Receptiveness of key stakeholders towards representation of women and marginalized groups[1] in decision making

Current level of representation of women, people with disabilities, and ethnic minorities in DRR forum and other levels of decision making

Women’s' knowledge on DRR, climate change adaptation and leadership skills

Existing capacity of DRR forum to influence decision making



The consultant needs to use mixed methods to measure and record different components of the baseline. [2]

The consultant needs to ensure disaggregation in terms of gender, disability, ethnicity, and UCs.

The methodology should enable the consultant to capture the voice of women and marginalised groups.

Total target communities: 60

UCs to be covered: 3

At least 10 percent of the respondents should be from marginalised groups (ethnic minorities and persons with disabilities)

At least 50 percent of the respondents should be women.

Cohorts to be consulted to establish a baseline:

Community level


  • Women leaders
  • Agricultural workers
  • Daily wage labourer
  • Fishing communities
  • Persons with disabilities
  • Youth groups
  • Ethnic Minorities


State level

District and local government authorities


The specific scope is stipulated below.

  • Finalise tools and methodology in consultation with Oxfam;
  • Draft a list of indicators in line with the medium-term outcomes of the project
  • Undertake a desk review to understand the resilience and livelihoods.
  • Organise the logistical arrangements necessary to carry out the field work, including transport, meals and accommodation for enumerators, as necessary;
  • Undertake community meetings in Badin as per the finalised methodology;
  • Write a baseline report. The report should include any problems which were encountered and how they were resolved, and any feedback which may be useful for similar assessments in the future.


The assignment will span over one month from the date of signing the contract to the submission of the final report.

The contract is based on payment of deliverables.

A detailed timeline will be developed in consultation with Oxfam.


The proposed budget should include the consultant’s work days, fee and taxes, subsistence for their field work accommodation travel and transport, meals and other costs for field logistics.


  • Inception report
  • Finalised methodology, including details of tools and Indicators.
  • A presentation of initial findings.
  • Pictorial record of the project activities.
  • One draft baseline report.
  • One baseline report with the project specific recommendations and learning.


Oxfam will pay 40% upon submission of finalised methodology and inception report to cover costs of field work, 30% upon submission of draft report and the final 30% payment will be subject to completion of all deliverables and verification of quality by Oxfam in Pakistan.


[1] Marginalised groups include persons with disability and ethnic minorities

[2] including but not limited to, literature review, key informant interviews, focus group discussions and community consultations

Requirements and Skills


  • University graduate.
  • Fluency in English and relevant local language.
  • Demonstrable experience of producing high-quality, credible baseline studies (samples required).
  • High level of attention to detail in carrying out assignments.
  • Energy and a positive attitude to work, even when working in arduous conditions.
  • Experience of working in rural areas of Pakistan, with a strong understanding of rural livelihoods, preferably within the DRR and resilience context.
  • Previous experience of conducting baselines
  • Understanding of statistical softwares.
  • Experience in the conducting community meetings in rural/coastal areas
  • Fluency in English and Sindhi language.
How to Apply


Expected contents of the proposal include:

  1. Methodology: Details of the tools to be used;
  2. Field work management plan: logistics, timeframe, data quality check;
  3. Schedule of deliverables;
  4. Detailed Budget;
  5. Samples of reports of previous baselines conducted.

Please send your detailed technical and financial proposal (with consultancy title) to the following Oxfam official postal address with in closing date 21 April 2019:

Office Address: Plot # 2, Street 11-A, Idrees Market, Sector F-10/2, Islamabad


About Organization

Oxfam’s vision is a just world without poverty: a world in which people can influence decisions that affect their lives, enjoy their rights, and assume their responsibilities as full citizens of a world in which all human beings are valued and treated equally. Oxfam in Pakistan has been working in the country since 1973. In the Pakistan, our goal is to contribute to the eradication of poverty by supporting women and other vulnerable groups in saving lives and building livelihoods, enhancing their resilience to crises, shocks and stresses, and making their voices heard to hold duty-bearers accountable.