Background & Description

Over the last 25 years, the ILO has developed tools aimed at improving the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) and overall working conditions and productivity, in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) including  the informal economy. The ILO promotes participatory action-oriented approaches in which entrepreneurs, managers, workers and/or farmers are empowered and supported to improve OSH, working conditions and productivity through systematic identification, assessment and implementation of local and affordable solutions and good practices that encourage peer learning and knowledge sharing.

The ILO has developed and tested various tools to promote OSH at the workplace, including the SMEs and the informal economy. Specific tools targeting the SMEs and the informal economy include, among others,: Work Improvement in Small Enterprises (WISE), a training methodology specifically designed to improve working conditions and productivity in small and medium-sized enterprises in developing countries; a training package on workplace risk assessment and management for small and medium-sized enterprises with the acronym SCORE – Sustaining Competitive and Responsible Enterprises with a specific module on OSH. Further tools aimed at improving OSH in specific sectors have also been developed and tested such as: the Work Improvement in Neighbourhood Development (WIND) that aims at improving working and living conditions for agricultural families or Work Improvement in Small Construction (WISCON) sites..

These tools have been tested in a number of developing countries. For instance, the WIND methodology has been used successfully in over 20 countries, and  it has strengthened voluntary initiatives of farmers to improve their working and living conditions as well as productivity and quality of their produce through the voluntary application of simple, low-cost and innovative approaches at both family and community levels.

Objectives of the consultancy

The consultant will develop an in-depth case study for Pakistan. This includes an in-depth description of policies, strategies, programmes, drivers and constraints for OSH improvement and delivery mechanisms relevant to OSH in SMEs in Pakistan (with an emphasis on the textile, ready made garment (RMG) and leather industries, which make up Pakistan’s largest exports).  For the purpose of this study the consultant will examine all identified OSH initiatives, past and present, regardless of the size of the enterprises.

Initiatives may be national, provincial or sector-based, but must be significant in terms of the level of resourcing, visibility and anticipated impact. The policies, strategies, programmes and actions selected for study may be running currently or may be historic, but they should have been in place for long enough to allow evaluation of their implementation and an  assessment of the likely impact.  Given the demographic of Pakistan’s industry, particularly the textile and RMG industries, initiatives in large enterprises will also be mapped and considered.

Examples of key issues may include, but are not limited to:

- Mapping the previous and current initiatives on OSH implemented by the federal government, provincial governments, ILO, other development partners and any significant private sector projects implemented in Pakistan.  The mapping should include:

o Previous and existing ILO projects and programmes;

o OSH initiatives undertaken by  other UN agencies, such as UNDP, UNIDO, during their engagement with industry ;

o GIZ projects and programmes;

o The work of the IFC on building/fire safety;

o The work of IDH on building/fire safety;

o Significant OSH elements of major private compliance initiatives;

o The OSH elements of the services delivered by the provincial Labour Department inspectorates;

o The OSH activities, materials and training tools utilised by the ILO’s social partners.

o The OSH activities, materials and training tools utilized by the trade/town associations (textile, RMG and leather)


Requirements and Skills

Download Complete ToRs

• A masters degree in occupational safety and health or in a relevant area of social science with at least X years of work experience as OSH Inspector/Officer of a reputable public or private institution;

• A sound technical understanding of occupational safety and health, relevant legal frameworks and training methodologies;

• At least 5 years experience of conducting social science research;

• Proven ability to draft research reports in English;

• Knowledge of the ILO, its mandate and work in Pakistan would be an advantage

Individual consultants, teams of consultants and consultancy firms will be considered.  Consultants should be based in or entitled to work in Pakistan.  The project will not support international air travel or visas.

How to Apply

Expressions of interest from interested consultants/institutions (national or international) should be submitted to the ILO Country Office Islamabad by email to by midnight (Pakistan time) on Sunday 25 October 2020. Expressions of interest should be clearly marked as OSH Case Study in the subject line and contain:
• A letter (2 page maximum) setting out the organisation/ consultants’ relevant qualifications and experience;
• A daily rate (expressed in PKR for national consultants and USD for international consultants) and overall budget breakdown.
• The CV of the lead consultant and details of supporting consultants.
• A soft copy or link to similar research/s done on any area of occupational safety and health.

About Organization

Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO's efforts – to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. 

Our three main goals are: the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition; the elimination of poverty and the driving forward of economic and social progress for all; and, the sustainable management and utilization of natural resources, including land, water, air, climate and genetic resources for the benefit of present and future generations.