Background & Description

The expanding global outbreak of the Coronavirus remains uncontrolled with total confirmed cases 5,078,237 (Globally) and total deaths 329,132 as of 20-5-2020 in 213 Countries and Territories. The confirmed case fatality ratio is still being assessed.

 

As of 20th May, there have been more than 45,898 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Pakistan, with 985 deaths reported. Owing to poor health seeking behaviours a weak health system in Pakistan, it is feared that the identified cases may be just the tip of the iceberg.

 

The new Coronavirus has now been officially renamed by WHO as “COVID-19” where “co” stands for Corona, “vi” for virus and “d” for disease, 19 is because the disease emerged in 2019.

 

The Government of Pakistan has developed a National Action Plan for Preparedness & Response to Corona Virus Disease (Covid-19) Pakistan which in the short terms aims to maximize preparedness and response by ensuring all safeguards in place to prevent outbreak of Covid-19.  Confirmation of COVID-19 cases in Pakistan is on the increase as the testing facilities are being gradually equipped by WHO and the Health Department. While this is happening, there is a narrow window of opportunity to increase public awareness of the symptoms, modes of transmission and disease prevention across the country generally. The knowledge of tests and facilities where they are being conducted is also limited.

 

In the past decade, recurrent spells of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts,

glacial lake outbursts, cyclones, and heat waves have taken a heavy toll on both life and

property and adversely affected the country’s economic growth. Pakistan has become susceptible to the effects of changing climate because it’s an agrarian base and high dependency on natural resources for livelihoods. The number of people affected by natural disasters has increased exponentially over recent years. In Pakistan, almost two million people were affected from the super floods in 2010 and are frequently exposed to multiple disasters. [1]The pandemic is expected to exacerbate the existing vulnerabilities arising climate change.

 

Compounding these problems are the expected risks to the coastal areas and the Indus deltaic region due to sea level rise, coastal erosion, saline sea water intrusion and increasing cyclonic activity in the Arabian Sea. The Indus Delta is already located in the intense heat zone and any rise in temperature would impact human health due to heat strokes, diarrhoea, cholera, vector-borne diseases; and human settlements due to frequent floods, droughts and cyclones. [2]

 

  1. Objectives:

 

  • To map out the status of the resilience of women in health and socio-economic sectors in rural and urban areas. Some of the impact areas would include economic empowerment, coping strategies, care work, and mobility;
  • Areas of focus to include: Land for agriculture, water, and livelihood security;
  • Compare it with other natural disasters and devise practical recommendations for improvement in the resilience of women in the context of COVID19;
  • Generate learnings for Oxfam in Pakistan’s Humanitarian, Climate Change, and Resilience Program and Projects;

 

  1. Scope of Work:

 

Oxfam seeks to engage a Pakistani national consultant to contribute to the discourse on the impact of disasters on resilience of women. The consultant will undertake a systematic scoping and mapping of existing literature on gendered impacts of COVID and other disasters. The assessment will be guided by the following parameters and entry points:

 

  1. Areas of Scrutiny

 

  1. Issues related to health, social, and economic resilience
  2. Productive work (economic resilience, changes to livelihood and income) and Care work
  • Access to information and technology
  1. Access to health
  2. Opportunities for communities to engage with the Government
  3. Access to social protection schemes and livelihood opportunities
  • Intersectionality

 

  1. Literature to be covered

 

  1. The assessment shall compile and systematically sort all existing literature on gender and disasters
  2. Legislation and policy at the national level;
  • Regional studies on gender gaps and needs, though not exclusively livelihood needs, constraints, opportunities,
  1. Academic papers and other research materials;
  2. Materials from CSOs and networks.

 

 

  1. Coordination and Sourcing of Materials

 

In planning the conduct of the assessment at the country and Oxfam affiliates, as well as in accessing the materials, the consultant shall coordinate with these bodies:

 

  1. Oxfam Country Team;
  2. Key gender and disaster-based organizations in the country
  • Key UN agencies addressing gender in emergencies, including UN Women and UNDP
  1. PDMA
  2. Ministry of health
  3. National Disaster Management Offices;
  • Relevant Government organizations at national, provincial and local levels.
  • Academics involved in relevant research.
  1. Key women leaders engaged across multiple Oxfam initiatives

 

The consultant will report to the Pakistan Coordinator climate change and resilience, and work in close coordination with the country team in terms of designing methodology and rolling out the assessment.  

 

  1. Deliverables:

 

The consultant will produce:

 

  1. An inception report, including a detailed approved methodology/approach to the assignment and a related work implementation plan
  2. An annotated list of available materials, documents, and policies concerning Gender, climate change & disasters, economic and health sectors in Pakistan,
  3. A detail assessment report in English of maximum providing facts, analyses and narrative components
  4. Gender sensitive recommendations to the Oxfam Pakistan country team on strengthening resilience of women in emergencies and disasters (urban and rural areas), though not exclusively socio-economic;
  5. Developed policy briefing paper based on assessment report. Specific format for the policy brief will be provided by Oxfam GB.
  6. A presentation on the results to be delivered to the country team.

 

  1. Methodology:

 

The methodology will be primarily desktop analysis of published research and information collected through networks and a series of interviews. The consultant should consider literature from a range of stakeholders to capture a variety of perspectives. He/she will consult directly with key actors in government to ensure they have access to directly relevant and up-to-date information. The consultant will undertake a critical analysis approach that recognises the links between resilience and disasters, so that the main issues and barriers to effective action can be identified. This should be combined with a strengths-based approach that identifies existing capacities and strengths and opportunities for building on these capacities in the recommendations. The methodology also involves online consultative workshops or FGDs to capture diverse experiences

  1. Schedule of Activities:

Activity

Recruitment of the consultant

Inception Meetings with Country teams

Finalization of Methodology of the impact assessment

Contribute collection and analysis of literature

Meetings with the Government, UN agencies, Civil Society and INGOs

Sharing first draft of the report

Final delivery date of the assignment is 22-June-2020

*Schedule of activities to be provided by the consultant in the proposal.

  1. Important Notes

 

  • The selected candidate will be required to submit final products for the deliverables mentioned above on 22nd June 2020;
  • The consultant will report to the Climate Change and Resilience Project Coordinator and work in close coordination with the country team in terms of designing methodology and rolling out the assessment;
  • For all communication, the selected candidate will be bound to adhere to the branding and sensitivity guidelines of Oxfam in Pakistan;
  • All the deliverables need to be approved by the Project team (at Oxfam in Pakistan) before being finalized. The Consultant will seek the team’s feedback and incorporate it to improve the quality of the deliverable. Oxfam project and regional advisory team has the right to suggest changes to the deliverables at any time during the period of this consultancy.

Proposal requirements:

The consultant needs to submit detail methodology of the assessment to Oxfam along with the narrative and financial proposal. The methodology of the assessment will be finalized with the project team.

 

The proposal will be evaluated on the following:

  • Past experience including some demonstration of linkages within the humanitarian and DRR sector: 50%
  • Financial proposal: 20%
  • Methodology: 30%

 

[1] https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/357876/climate-change-profile-pakistan.pdf

[2]http://www.pmd.gov.pk/rnd/rnd_files/vol8_Issue16/8_Vulnerability%20of%20the%20Indus%20Delta%20to%20Climate%20Change%20in%20Pakistan.pdf

Requirements and Skills

 

  • Clear demonstration of 5-6 years + experience of having worked with the development sector, particularly on gender, disaster risk reduction, and conducting assessments;
  • Have good facilitation skills, i.e. in facilitating workshops;
  • Strong analytical skill and quantitative and qualitative data collection;
  • Good communication and representation skills;
  • Excellent writing skills;

 

How to Apply

Interested candidates should submit:

  1. Proposal
  2. Submit the contact details of two referees
  3. Financial Quotation (all-inclusive budget which includes professional fees, travel, lodging expenses, communications, etc. as applicable);
  4. Sample of previous work;
  5. Registration & Taxes: The applicant firms must be registered companies /individuals having complete postal address, telephone, fax, National Tax Number (attach copy).

Please send your proposal of interest, CV and application for subject consultancy at the earliest. The closing date for the consultancy is 31st May 2020 before 5:00 PM.

Please clearly write the title of the consultancy in Subject of your email “1. Please clearly write the title of the consultancy in Subject of your email “Consultancy: Impact of COVID19  on health, social, and economic resilience of women in Sindh.”

Please send your application in writing, including a motivation letter, Curriculum Vitae to the following address Email Address:  oxfampak@oxfam.org.uk

About Organization

Oxfam’s vision is a just world without poverty: a world in which people can influence decisions that affect their lives, enjoy their rights, and assume their responsibilities as full citizens of a world in which all human beings are valued and treated equally. Oxfam in Pakistan has been working in the country since 1973. In the Pakistan, our goal is to contribute to the eradication of poverty by supporting women and other vulnerable groups in saving lives and building livelihoods, enhancing their resilience to crises, shocks and stresses, and making their voices heard to hold duty-bearers accountable.